本文只探讨freemarker中模板路径的设置方式,其他配置,请注意查看后续文章。

FREEMARKER (FreeMarkerAutoConfiguration)

spring.freemarker.allow-request-override=false # Set whether HttpServletRequest attributes are allowed to override (hide) controller generated model attributes of the same name.
spring.freemarker.allow-session-override=false # Set whether HttpSession attributes are allowed to override (hide) controller generated model attributes of the same name.
spring.freemarker.cache=false # Enable template caching.
spring.freemarker.charset=UTF-8 # Template encoding.
spring.freemarker.check-template-location=true # Check that the templates location exists.
spring.freemarker.content-type=text/html # Content-Type value.
spring.freemarker.enabled=true # Enable MVC view resolution for this technology.
spring.freemarker.expose-request-attributes=false # Set whether all request attributes should be added to the model prior to merging with the template.
spring.freemarker.expose-session-attributes=false # Set whether all HttpSession attributes should be added to the model prior to merging with the template.
spring.freemarker.expose-spring-macro-helpers=true # Set whether to expose a RequestContext for use by Spring's macro library, under the name "springMacroRequestContext".
spring.freemarker.prefer-file-system-access=true # Prefer file system access for template loading. File system access enables hot detection of template changes.
spring.freemarker.prefix= # Prefix that gets prepended to view names when building a URL.
spring.freemarker.request-context-attribute= # Name of the RequestContext attribute for all views.
spring.freemarker.settings.*= # Well-known FreeMarker keys which will be passed to FreeMarker's Configuration.
spring.freemarker.suffix= # Suffix that gets appended to view names when building a URL.
spring.freemarker.template-loader-path=classpath:/templates/ # Comma-separated list of template paths.
spring.freemarker.view-names= # White list of view names that can be resolved.

如上所示,您可以在spring boot的默认配置文件中设置模板路径(spring boot默认读取的配置文件为:application.properties,当然还有其他的读取方式,如果想了解这方面的文章,请查看后续文章)

spring.freemarker.template-loader-path=classpath:/templates/ # Comma-separated list of template paths.

此种配置,只能读取classpath下的路径。如果想要读取其他路径则要重写freemarker的默认配置,在spring boot中,你可以这样做:

@Configuration
public class TemplateLoader extends WebMvcConfigurerAdapter {
    @Bean
    public ViewResolver viewResolver() {
        FreeMarkerViewResolver resolver = new FreeMarkerViewResolver();
        resolver.setCache(true);
        resolver.setPrefix("");
        resolver.setSuffix(".ftl");
        resolver.setContentType("text/html; charset=UTF-8");
        return resolver;
    }

    @Bean
    public FreeMarkerConfigurer freemarkerConfig() throws IOException, TemplateException {
        FreeMarkerConfigurer configurer = new FreeMarkerConfigurer();
        configurer.setTemplateLoaderPaths("file:绝对路径","http://www.xxx.com/");
        configurer.setDefaultEncoding("UTF-8");
        return configurer;
    }

}

如代码所示,在此处,你可以设置多个freemarker路径,当然越靠前的路径权重越高,系统会在读取第一个失败的情况下,会继续读取第二个路径。

在此处,你可以有三种方式读取模板路径

第一种:classpath:/static/

第二种:file:绝对路径

第三种:http://www.xxx.com

其中第一种和第二种是统一类型,但是,第一种只能读取系统配置文件路径,第二种只能读取绝对路径。第三种则可以读取ftp文件

关于setTemplateLoaderPaths的方法,在源码中的解释,我们可以看一下:

/**
     * Set multiple Freemarker template loader paths via Spring resource locations.
     * <p>When populated via a String, standard URLs like "file:" and "classpath:"
     * pseudo URLs are supported, as understood by ResourceEditor. Allows for
     * relative paths when running in an ApplicationContext.
     * <p>Will define a path for the default FreeMarker template loader.
     * If a specified resource cannot be resolved to a {@code java.io.File},
     * a generic SpringTemplateLoader will be used, without modification detection.
     * <p>To enforce the use of SpringTemplateLoader, i.e. to not resolve a path
     * as file system resource in any case, turn off the "preferFileSystemAccess"
     * flag. See the latter's javadoc for details.
     * <p>If you wish to specify your own list of TemplateLoaders, do not set this
     * property and instead use {@code setTemplateLoaders(List templateLoaders)}
     * @see org.springframework.core.io.ResourceEditor
     * @see org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext#getResource
     * @see freemarker.template.Configuration#setDirectoryForTemplateLoading
     * @see SpringTemplateLoader
     */
    public void setTemplateLoaderPaths(String... templateLoaderPaths) {
        this.templateLoaderPaths = templateLoaderPaths;
    }

本文由创作和发表,采用 CC BY 3.0CN协议进行许可,转载请注明作者及出处。本文作者, 原文标题为Spring Boot+Freemarker(一)配置模板路径。原文链接为:https://www.ramostear.com/post/2018/10/22/52.html

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